A special needs trust is established to prevent people from losing benefits from certain government programs after receiving a settlement. An influx of wealth can make one ineligible for benefits from Supplementary Security Income (SSI), Veterans Aid and Attendance, Medicaid, and government housing. A special needs trust supplements but does not replace, these benefits by paying for non-covered services or equipment. Below are the applicable laws to establishing a special needs trust in Kansas.
U.S. Code Section 1396p.(d)(4)(A).
(4) This subsection shall not apply to any of the following trusts:
(A) A trust containing the assets of an individual under age 65 who is disabled (as defined in section 1382c(a)(3) of this title) and which is established for the benefit of such individual by the individual, a parent, grandparent, legal guardian of the individual, or a court if the State will receive all amounts remaining in the trust upon the death of such individual up to an amount equal to the total medical assistance paid on behalf of the individual under a State plan under this subchapter. Full text
K.S.A. § 59-3080. Authority of conservator or guardian to establish certain trusts; petition; contents; notice; hearing; procedure.
(e) At the conclusion of the hearing, if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that:
(1) The establishment of such a trust will enable the conservatee or ward to qualify for benefits from any federal, state or local government program, or will accelerate the qualification of the conservatee or ward for such benefits;
(2) the conservatee or ward will be the sole beneficiary of such trust;
(3) the term of the trust will not extend beyond the lifetime of the conservatee or ward;
(4) the provisions of the trust will provide for the distribution of the trust estate for the benefit of the conservatee or ward for special needs not satisfied from governmental benefits and that such distributions made for special needs not satisfied from governmental benefits will only be made in similar manner and under similar circumstances as the conservatee’s or ward’s estate would otherwise have been distributed by the conservator or guardian for the benefit of the conservatee or ward had the trust not been established;
(5) if the provisions of the trust will grant discretion to the trustee to terminate the trust during the lifetime of the conservatee or ward, that such provisions shall preclude the exercise thereof if such termination of the trust will disqualify the conservatee or ward from being eligible for any governmental benefits; and
(6) the provisions of the trust will provide that, upon termination of the trust, the remaining trust estate will first be expended to reimburse the governmental entities for the benefits which have been provided to the conservatee or ward, if such reimbursement was ever required as a condition for the conservatee’s or ward’s qualification for such benefits.